The Reawakening of Shamanism in the West1
By Bill Brunton
© Shamanism, Fall/Winter 2003, Vol. 16, No. 2


1. This paper was originally presented in Seoul, Korea at a UNESCO conference in 1998. The thrust of this conference was to earmark shamanism as human cultural heritage worthy of preservation.

2. Townsend 1997.

3. Ellwood and Partin 1988.

4. Townsend 1988.

5. Harner 1980.

6. Townsend 1988.

7. Noel 1997.

8. Castaneda 1968.

9. See de Mille 1976; 1990 and Noel 1976; 1997.

10. Conton 1998.

11. Townsend 1998.

12. Conton 1998; Townsend 1998.

13. For a complete discussion of the distinctions between neo and core shamanism, and the eclectic nature of syncretism in the former, see Townsend 1998.

14. Townsend 1998.

15. See Townsend 1998.

16. Conton 1998.

17. Townsend 1988; 1998.

18. Harner 1986.

19. See also Townsend 1998.

20. Ibid.

21. Ibid.

22. Harner 1990: xi-xiii.

23. See also Arensberg and Niehoff 1971.

24. See Gray 1992.

25. Lewis 1989.

26. See Harner 1996.

27. See Eshowsky 1998.

28. Harner 1998.

References Cited

Arensberg, Conrad M. and Arthur H. Niehoff
1971 “American Cultural Values.” In Introducing Social Change Arensberg and Niehoff, eds.). Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.

Castaneda, Carlos
1968 The Teachings of Don Juan. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Conton, Leslie
1998 Neo-Shamanism, Core Shamanism, or Shamanism?: Reflections on Contemporary Shamanic Practices in the Pacific Northwest. Unpublished manuscript.

de Mille, Richard
1976 Castaneda’s Journey: The Power and the Allegory. Santa Barbara: Capra Press.

1990 The Don Juan Papers (ed.) (2 nd edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Ellwood, Robert S. and Harry B. Partin
1988 Religious and Spiritual Groups in Modern America (2 nd edition). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall

Eshowsky, Myron
1998 “HMO Embraces Shamanic Healing.” Shamanism 11 (1): 5.

Gray, John
1992 Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus. New York: HarperCollins.

Harner, Michael
1980 The Way of the Shaman. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

1986 Open Letter to the Membership. Center for Shamanic Studies Newsletter. Summer Issue.

1990 The Way of the Shaman: Tenth Anniversary Edition. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

1996 “Shamanic Healing: We Are Not Alone.” Alternative Therapies 2 (3): 69-75.

1998 Address Given to Participants at the Tuvan Shamanism Workshop, Sonoma, California.

Lewis, I. M.
1989 Ecstatic Religion: A Study of Shamanism and Spirit Possession (2 nd edition). London: Routledge.

Noel, Daniel C.
1976 Seeing Castaneda: Reactions to the “Don Juan” Writings of Carlos Castaneda (ed.). New York: Putnam.

1997 The Soul of Shamanism. New York: Continuum.

Townsend, Joan B.
1988 “Neo-shamanism and the Modern Mystical Movement.” In Shaman’s Path: Healing, Personal Growth and Empowerment (Gary Doore, ed.). Boston: Shambala.

1997 “Globalization of Core and New-Shamanism.” Paper read at the Scientific Study of Religion meeting, San Diego, California, November 1997.

1998 Shamanic Spirituality: Core Shamanism and Neo-Shamanism in Contemporary Society. In Press.


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